SCOPE OF 3D PRINTING AND DESIGNING IN ENGINEERING

“3D printing is already shaking our age-old notions of what can or can’t be made” quoted by author Hod Lipson. 3D printing and designing is the computer-controlled sequential layering of materials to create three-dimensional shapes. This technology gives a new dimension to the thinking process and helps an individual to think out of the box. There is a huge demand of new technologies emerging in industry every now and then. 3D printing and designing is a technology triggers the way and individual can create a concept in their mind. It also goes beyond the capability of printing in the traditional way which is by using ink and paper.

Market Scenario

The Global 3D printing and designing market size is estimated to be USD 9.9 billion and is expected to reach USD 34.8 billion by 2024. Having multiple benefits this technology is booming rapidly, the trend in 3D printing is shifting from generating Prototype to generating functional part for manufacturing in various vertical like automotive, Aerospace and consumer goods as well. It is providing a numerous number of positive effects on processes and manufacturing of materials in all the vertical of Engineering as well. It not only allows you to create prototypes, models and product but also gives the benefit of using different materials like plastic, metal and wood. It also allows the companies and individuals to produce prototype ideas of new product or ideas with minimum manpower, minimum time and maximum output.

Scope in Engineering Sector

The future innovation in 3D printing and designing is increasing drastically year by year month by month and day by day. People are thriving for this change. Using this technique in engineering one can innovate, recreate, visualise and produce new concepts, ideas, products in 3D prototyping labs. This implies to all the branches of Engineering like materials and chemical science, mechanical engineering, electronics, civil engineering, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering and so on.

There is a huge scope in 3D printing and designing in each branch of engineering like-

  • Civil Engineering

There can be a dramatic impact on the architecture, building, design and manufacturing the entire houses just by experimenting with shapes and Geometric design. Whereas, in Electronic Engineering one can create 3D printed circuit components or even study robotic and control the manufacturing process of the future development.

  • Mechanical Engineering

Complex object and structure could be prepared by this technique rather than relying on the old Complex procedures.

  • Chemical Engineering

This technique can be used in producing the different type of lab equipment’s, laboratory containers spare parts and other testing equipment’s.

Insights of 3D printing

Various type of 3D printing could be used like FDM or SLA. One can also experiment with different filaments like nylon, Carbon fibre, wood or metal. The structures could be made depending on the different infill percentages, it totally depends on the design one wants to create and there is also a possibility to either print your 3D design using one material, colour for dual material and colour. Now we can 3D print objects using multiple colours with the help of external attachments launched this year only.

Conclusion

3D printing and designing has been instrumental in the transformation of Engineering because of its mass production, economic fabrication, smooth operation, Rapid prototyping and manufacturing. From three decades this technology have been used, revised and grown to a higher level due to its low-cost diverse material, fastest speed and the capacity to create Complex geometry of engineering.

If this technique is combined with young minds then it could create and innovate new ideas and possibilities that are beyond one’s imagination. As the 3D printing and designing Technology has entered the growth stage there will be huge industrial demand of these kind of skills and knowledge in every individual.

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